Employees are hesitant to push themselves unless they know they're supported.
Insecurity and uncertainty stifle many women's executive presence.
Organizations join forces to help companies maximize women's workforce participation.
Ambivalence, discontentment and disappointment get dragged into work every day.
Companies need to back up their words with decisive action, in a very public way.
Government-mandated reporting of pay discrepancies helps close the gap, researchers say.
Many organizations struggle with unconscious bias when hiring employees.